The purpose of this course is to build on the foundation provided by TS 501 to provide students with further understanding and skills for analyzing and describing grammatical systems of African languages, with concentration on non-declarative speech acts and complex sentences.

The purpose of this course is to enable students to understand and appreciate the nature and role of Bible translation from various perspectives: historical, sociological, comparative religious, cultural, and theological. The course also provides an overview of development projects involving vernacular literacy and translation in Africa today.